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15 Jul, 1983

1280px-Famicom-Console-SetThe Nintendo Family Computer (Famicom) is the original Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) released in Japan, an 8-bit cartridge gaming console. Designed by Masayuki Uemura, the Famicom (at  a price of ¥14,800) is an instant success in Japan, but Nintendo was not sure it would be a success:

I was in the arcade-game development department, and the president at the time [Hiroshi Yamauchi] sent us a missive to ‘make something that’ll let you play arcade games on your home TV.’

The Famicom sells over two and half million units by the end of its first year, and the popularity of the system allows Nintendo to expand its product internationally.