YouTube is created by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, who met as employees at Paypal:
When we registered the YouTube domain on February 14, 2005, we set out to create a place where anyone with a video camera and an Internet connection could share a story with the world.
Jawad Karim, co-founder of YouTube, uploads the first video to the site. The video features him in front of the elephant enclosure at the San Diego Zoo.
Sequoia Capital invests $3.5 million into YouTube:
We are very excited to be involved with YouTube at a time when consumers are poised to benefit from all the consumer electronics available. The demand for user-generated content continues to grow exponentially. We’ve already seen user-generated content blossom in text through blogging, in photographs through services like Flickr and Shutterfly, and in audio through podcasting. YouTube is pioneering the next wave to become Internet’s premier video service.
NBC agrees to allow certain clips of its shows such as Saturday Night Live and The Tonight Show to be shown on YouTube. Before this point, NBC asks that any videos with material they own be removed. Youtube co-founder Chad Hurley says:
We are delighted to work with NBC on an official basis. Bringing more entertaining and exclusive content to YouTube helps further our goal of providing the best video entertainment experience on the Internet.
YouTube user Lonelygirl15 is exposed as a hoax. She makes video blogs that initially feature life as a typical American teenager but later involve a cult called the Order which is targeting her. She becomes the most subscribed channel on YouTube until it is shown that she is an actress working for the Creative Artists Agency in Beverly Hills. A post is released on her website:
Right now, the biggest mystery of Lonelygirl15 is “who is she?” We think this is an oversimplification. Lonelygirl15 is a reflection of everyone. She is no more real or fictitious than the portions of our personalities that we choose to show (or hide) when we interact with the people around us.
Google has recently purchased a majority (more than 50%) of YouTube for $1.65 billion. All 67 of YouTube’s employees kept their positions. Chad Hurley, co-founder of YouTube, says:
I’m confident that with this partnership we will have the flexibility and resources needed to pursue our goal of building the next-generation platform for serving media worldwide.
YouTube announces a feature called the YouTube Awards to recognize the best videos uploaded in 2006. Users can vote for their favorite videos and the winners will receive a trophy and recognition for their videos. Jamie Byrne, head of product marketing at YouTube, says it is unclear whether this will be an annual event or not:
We want to see how the community responds to it, but we can see this being something that grows as we continue to grow and becomes a bigger and more exciting event in the future.
YouTube launches versions of its site for the UK, Brazil, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, and the US. At launch, the only difference in these versions of the website is that the user interface is translated:
We wanted to clear up a misconception about the nine localized sites we launched on June 19: the content has not been “broken down” by region. All of your videos are available to everyone, no matter which site you set as your default. So even if you choose a particular country as your preference, the content available to you is still the same.
CNN airs a debate featuring questions submitted on YouTube to Democratic candidates for the 2008 presidential election. The show pulls the highest viewership for a debate among 18-34 year olds in history, with 2.6 million viewers total.
China blocks YouTube from being accessed by anyone in the country. No reason is given for the ban, but it may be due to 17th Communist Party Congress which is taking place, or the fact that YouTube recently launched a Chinese-language version of the site.
CNN hosts a debate in St. Petersburg, Florida between eight Republican presidential candidates. The questions posed to the candidates are submitted by people to YouTube, and the event is moderated by Anderson Cooper.
YouTube launches a film rental feature on the website. Only five independent films, The Cove, Bass Ackwards, One Too Many Mornings, Homewrecker and Children of Invention, are available for rental at launch, but YouTube says more are coming soon:
A small collection of rental videos from other U.S. partners across different industries, including health and education, will be made available in the weeks ahead.
Hurley steps down as chief executive to take an advisory role. He is replaced by Salar Kamangar, former vice-president of web applications at Google and co-founder of Adwords.
Right now I am in the process of transitioning into the role of adviser, stepping down, still being involved in the company, but it’s given me an opportunity to work on new projects.
YouTube announces a program that will pay content creators to create new series for the site. They invest $100 million in the project and recruit celebrities like Madonna, Shaquille O’Neal, and Ashton Kutcher to join the project:
Our goal with this channels expansion, along with the grants and educational programs we’ve launched in the past year, is to bring an even broader range of entertainment to YouTube, giving you more reasons to keep coming back again and again.
The first of these new original channels will appear on YouTube starting next month and will continue over the next year.
Bean reacts in an interview about the Youtube reel compiled from his propensity to die onscreen, a phenomenon that has occurred more than 20 times. While he regrets that some of his characters had their screentime cut short,
some of them are jobs that you don’t want to do any more.
On his favourite character death:
I like the Boromir death, yeah, that’s a good one. A good, slow, heroic death.
The Yogscast becomes the first YouTube channel in the UK to reach one billion total video views.
Anti-Islam video “Innocence of Muslims” posted on YouTube.
YouTube partners with ABC News to livestream three presidential and one vice-presidential debates for free. The YouTube livestream also features commentary from Al Jazeera English, BuzzFeed, Larry King, New York Times, YouTuber Phil DeFranco, Univision and the Wall Street Journal.
The Yogscast wins the 2012 Golden Joystick award in the Youtube Gamer of the Year category. The award is decided by votes on the Golden Joystick website.
Gangnam Style becomes the first video on YouTube to hit one billion views. YouTube celebrates by putting a small dancing cartoon of Psy next to the view count. Psy says:
In 2012, I experienced so many things; it’s been a tremendous year, but to accomplish this, it’s really something that stands out. Because it all began with YouTube, and to have [the video] reach 1 billion views … I don’t think even I can break that record!
YouTube announces that it has one billion unique visitors to its website each month:
Nearly one out of every two people on the Internet visits YouTube. Our monthly viewership is the equivalent of roughly ten Super Bowl audiences. If YouTube were a country, we’d be the third largest in the world after China and India. From the aspiring filmmaker in his basement and the next great pop musician, to the fans all around the world who tune in, subscribe and share their favorite videos with the planet, thank you for making YouTube what it is today.
YouTube launches subscription channels, which cost $0.99 and up per month to view and include exclusive content such as full TV show episodes. Each channel has a free 14 day trial and many offer yearly memberships at a discounted rate. The first channels announced include National Geographic Kids, Sesame Street, and Fix My Hog Premium, a show about motorcycles.
The Yogscast is voted the winner of the Golden Joystick YouTube Gamer Award for the second year in a row. Mark “Turpster” Turpin, a member of the Yogscast, hosts a question and answer session at the ceremony.
Gangnam Style becomes the first video to hit two billion views on YouTube. The only other video to surpass one billion views, Justin Bieber’s song Baby, has 1.04 billion views. YouTube adds a second dancing Psy next to the view count to celebrate.
Nintendo allows Wii U owners to upload gameplay footage directly from their console to YouTube. The advertising revenue is shared between Nintendo, YouTube, and the content provider. Before this point, Nintendo does not allow users to receive any advertising revenue from gameplay footage uploaded to YouTube.
Turkey’s apex court rules Turkish government’s ban on YouTube violates basic right of freedom of speech and lifts the ban on the site.
Google makes a deal with Indian cellular service provider Tata DoCoMo to offer a pay-as-you-go data streaming plan for YouTube called YouTube Recharge. Users can buy 100 MB of data for 9 rupees (15 cents) or a weekly plan with 300 MB for 39 rupees (65 cents). A YouTube spokesperson says:
This is part of our efforts to make video content more affordable to a large base of mobile Internet users in the country. This is the first of its kind partnership in India.
The British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA) releases a statement criticizing YouTube’s policies on dividing advertising revenue. They claim that artists are forced to accept a small portion of the revenue or have their songs taken off YouTube. Barry Mason, composer of Tom Jones’ Delilah, makes a statement in support of their cause:
Someone must be making money out of the music on You Tube but it certainly isn’t the people who write the songs. Delilah would need to be streamed roughly 113,250 times for [co-writer] Les Reed and I to earn enough for a coffee each at Starbucks.
Yogscast member Mark Turpin makes a Reddit post announcing YogDiscovery, a new plan for Yogscast members to get paid by game developers to cover their games. The developers agree to give them a small portion of the extra revenue driven by the Yogscast if they make videos about their game. He says this is a way for YouTubers to guarantee income from covering unpopular games:
Our entertainers earn a livelihood from advertising directly based on how many views they get. This motivates them to create content around games that are popular – e.g. Minecraft or Garry’s Mod…YogDiscovery allows them to partially negate the financial risk from playing games that aren’t guaranteed views and be more genuine about playing the games they want to play.
YouTube user Marques Brownlee releases a second scratch test on what he claims is an iPhone 6 sapphire display obtained from a factory, as well as an iPhone 5 for comparison. The iPhone 5 shows much heavier damage than the iPhone 6, but he says the fact that he is able to scratch the iPhone 6 with sandpaper at all proves that it is not pure sapphire, because sapphire is higher than sandpaper on the Mohs scale.
Several teenagers in Cape Girardeau, Missouri are severely burnt after emulating “fire challenge” videos from YouTube and Facebook. They involve people putting alcohol or perfume on their skin and setting it on fire to see if they can handle the pain. Cape Girardeau Fire Battalion Chief Mark Starnes says many people have been taken to the emergency room due to this trend:
These kids are starting to challenge themselves more and more in a very dangerous way. We are starting to get more and more people that are confirmed going to the ER and we’ve had one confirmed death.
Changetip is now available for You Tube. This is a bitcoin feature that allows anyone to send a reward or tip for a great video. Nick Sullivan, ChangeCoin’s founder and CEO:
We believe people are basically good and we let them show their appreciation directly in everyday social media interactions. That’s why we call ChangeTip a ‘love button’ for the Internet.
Google may give out accounts to kids under the age of 13 for GMail and YouTube. This will allow children to use the features without lying about their age. The Company may also installing a dashboard for parents to oversee their kids’ activities, as well as a change to Google’s current policy of entering birth dates only on personal computers. Google would expand the birth date requirement onto its Android software for those signing up for an account. YouTube would see similar parental control add-ons for children’s accounts.
YouTube confirms all their videos now support HTML 5 plugin and no longer rely on Adobe Flash Player. Google Chrome and Firefox browsers in beta channel already support the change, while older versions of Firefox, Opera and Internet Explorer will still use Flash player until an upgrade is available. HTML 5 improved bandwidth efficiency, stability and load times. According to the Company this is a move towards standardization across the video industry.
Other content providers like Netflix and Vimeo, as well as companies like Microsoft and Apple have embraced HTML5 and been key contributors to its success.
YouTube turns ten years old. The site was created by three Paypal employees, Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim, who registered the domain name on February 14, 2005. The first video ever uploaded on YouTube on April 23, 2005 was made by Karim’s friend Yakov Lapitsky and titled “Me at the Zoo”. It has since been viewed more than 17 million times.
Lapitsky comments on his moment in internet history:
It’s neat, but I don’t think that much of it.
It is estimated that around 300 hours of video are now uploaded every hour.
YouTube partners with Storyful, a social news agency to create YouTube Newswire. Newswire is a screened newsfeed of the most important stories that occur each day. The stories are verified by Storyful’s editors. Each story can be embedded from the source.
With the Newswire, we hope to provide journalists with an invaluable resource to discover news video around major events, and to highlight eyewitness video that offers new perspectives on important news stories.
Youtube creates a coalition of social media journalism experts to design educational resources aimed at learning how to verify eyewitness news reports. First Draft Coalition will also examine the ethics of using eyewitness reports in journalism media. Experts will be recruited from Eyewitness Media Hub, Storyful, Bellingcat, First Look Media’s Reported ly, Meedan, Emergent, SAM Desk and Verification Junkie.
The Coalition will develop and program a new site for verification and ethics training, tools, research, and, most importantly, case studies around the biggest news stories of the moment. The site will launch this fall.
YouTube partners with WITNESS to back the WITNESS Media Lab. The Media Lab is a novel method for addressing critical human rights issues by analyzing and interpreting first hand citizen video footage.
The WITNESS Media Lab – in collaboration with innovators in the technology, advocacy and journalism fields – will produce a series of in-depth projects that focus on human rights struggles as seen from the perspective of those who live, witness, and experience them. The first project from the WITNESS Media Lab will explore the impact of bystander video in bringing about justice in police brutality cases in the United States.
The Company announces via the YouTube Creators Twitter account that 60 fps is now supported by both the iPhone and Android YouTube app, a feature that many gaming videos choose to use; including the highest subscribed YouTube creator – Pewdiepie. Earlier in the year the option to use 60 fps for up to 4K video was added to the site, though currently there are few videos uploaded in this format, primarily as the equipment that produces this level of footage is expensive, and the resulting video drains the phone battery.
A British YouTuber nearly drowns after jumping into the river Thames to celebrate gaining 25,000 followers on his channel.
It originally was a dare from one of my subscribers, and I attempted it as I like doing crazy shit. This was later very regretted by me and I realized it was the stupidest idea ever. Thanks for watching.
Google announces that users will no longer need to use Google+ to comment on YouTube videos. Horowitz:
In the coming months, a Google Account will be all you’ll need to share content, communicate with contacts, create a YouTube channel and more, all across Google…We want to formally retire the notion that a Google+ membership is required for anything at Google… other than using Google+ itself
A three-judge panel in The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in San Francisco, clears the way for the “Dancing Baby case” to go to trial. The court rules that fair use is “uniquely situated in copyright law so as to be treated differently than traditional affirmative defenses,” and copyright holders like Universal must consider fair use before issuing takedown notices asking services like YouTube to remove videos that include material they control. EFF:
Today’s ruling sends a strong message that copyright law does not authorize thoughtless censorship of lawful speech.
We respectfully disagree with the court’s conclusion about the D.M.C.A. and the burden the court places upon copyright holders before sending takedown notices.
YouTube announces YouTube Red, a $9.99/month subscription service that lets users watch videos without ads, save videos for offline viewing, and, continue playing videos in the background while they switch apps. The service will start on October 28. The YouTube Red membership also lets users sign into the company’s Gaming and Music apps. U.S. viewers can sign up for a free one-month trial later this month.
13 episodes, including the first episode of the first season of The Joy of Painting from 1983 are released on YouTube. Ross (in the episode):
For the next 13 weeks, I’ll be your host as we experience the joy of painting. I think each of us sometime during our life has wanted to paint a picture.